The power of the human brain has always been touted in various articles on recent medical discoveries; and the effects of the thinking that a person has, has always been the focus of positivist attitude treatments for various problems. This is where we start defining what it means for an illness to be psychosomatic.
It came from the word “psyche” or “psycho” that relates to emotions or to the mind and “somatic” refers to the physical signs and symptoms that follow. What we can glean from this is that, psychosomatic disorders are physical manifestations or symptoms of certain emotions or state of mind. An easy explanation would be that if you’re not thinking well enough to take care of your body, effects will certainly appear.
However, psychosomatic medicine suggests that if a person’s mind is attuned to a belief that the body is unwell, symptoms appear that mimic the “genuine” physical disorder. Now, this is hard for the physician. It can be difficult for the doctor to know for sure which cases are psychosomatic and which are the real deal. This diagnosis between them is very important as the treatment for the two are different as well.
Wikipedia suggests that ailments that are psychosomatic in nature are more aptly called somatoform disorders. That is, if not related to a pre-diagnosed case of high blood pressure, stress, or the like. But many of the symptoms experienced by the patients of these disorders have rooted from the stress and strain of their everyday life. That is why these disorders are known to develop, manifest, and end through a strong connection with the mental factor.
Previously, psychiatry is the only medicine that can treat these ailments once they are diagnosed, but the growth of psychosomatic medicine has allowed other physicians to be able to give treatments for some cases. The important point is early diagnosis. Problems appear when the illness is not properly identified and the patient is given the treatment for the real, physical disorder.
Since these disorders mimic the symptoms of the physical illness, doctors have to be well-experienced in psychosomatic problems to be able to identify one. The basis of an ailment has to be properly identified. Physical roots have to be treated with the right medication. Mental roots have to be addressed quite differently, looking into factors that are relatable to behavioural medicine.
Psychosomatic disorders must not be confused with influences of the mind over the physical bodies. Hence, the suggestion to call ailments that has mental basis to be called somatoform illnesses. Some phrases that remit to somatoform disorders are “power of suggestion”, “positive thinking”, along with concepts like “placebo effect” and “mind over matter”.
Symptoms have to be well observed. If the root is physical, like a complication from a prevailing case of high blood pressure, diabetes, and such, then proper medication should be applied for the root-problem. That course of action usually helps abate the apparent symptoms. If it is rooted from a decline from emotions or a unhealthy mental state, help can be found to treat these as well.